The simple 'finger trick' that could 'diagnose' lung cancer

Few of us link our hands to our lungs.

However, an expert has revealed a simple “finger trick” could uncover any respiratory tumours.

Emma Norton, oncology nurse advisor at Bupa UK, is calling on people to place the nails of their index fingers together, as if making the top of a heart.

Most see a diamond-shaped gap between the nails. If this is missing, it could be a sign of “finger clubbing”, she warns.

You should see a diamond-shaped gap between your index nails. [Photo: BMJ Best Practice]

This seemingly unusual symptom occurs in up to 35% of lung-cancer patients, according to Cancer Research UK.

“Most people with lung cancer don’t know their fingers are clubbing unless they know specifically to look out for it”, Ms Norton told HuffPost.

“The test is used by medical professionals as a partial method of confirming conditions, but you can also do the test yourself, and it only takes a few seconds.

“If you can’t see any kind of gap beneath your nail beds, this means your fingers are clubbed”.

Ms Norton recommends “sufferers” see their GP as soon as possible.

While it may be easy to panic, clubbed fingers often run in families.

What is finger clubbing?

“Clubbing” describes changes to the shape of the fingers and nails.

It usually starts with the nail bed becoming soft and the surrounding skin shiny.

The nail then looks more curved when viewed from the side.

Finally, the ends of the digits may become larger, known as “drumstick fingers”.

In severe cases, extra areas of bone may form on the fingers, wrists or ankles. Often mistaken for arthritis, this is known as hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy.

Finger clubbing tends to be painless and can affect just one finger, BMJ Best Practice reported.

How does lung cancer cause fingers to “club”?

Exactly why finger clubbing occurs is unclear. It is thought to be caused by fluid collecting in the soft tissues at the end of digits, Cancer Research UK reports.

This may come about due to greater blood flow to the area, or the chemicals or hormones released by tumours.

Low oxygen levels in the blood may also trigger the release of the protein “vascular endothelial growth factor”, according to BMJ Best Practice.

This can lead to swelling and cell division at the “peripheral level in the nails”.

Finger clubbing is most often associated with lung cancer.

Words by Alexandra Thompson

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