Hopes for US debt ceiling deal boost Wall Street

·3-min read

US stocks have closed higher for a second straight day on mounting optimism that a US debt ceiling deal could be reached within days, with discount retailer Walmart Inc providing additional support after an upbeat annual sales forecast.

The benchmark S&P 500 index rebounded from early declines on news that top US congressional Republican Kevin McCarthy said a deal to raise or suspend the debt ceiling could potentially be reached in time to hold a House vote next week.

On Wednesday, President Joe Biden and McCarthy reiterated their aim to strike a deal soon to raise the $US31.4 trillion ($A47.5 trillion) federal debt ceiling and agreed to talk as soon as Sunday.

"Today and yesterday it's really been about some easing pressure from the debt ceiling, McCarthy again came out expressing some optimism a deal could be formed by the end of the week, House could vote on a bill the following week," said Anthony Saglimbene, chief market strategist at Ameriprise Financial in Troy, Michigan.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 115.14 points, or 0.34 per cent, to 33,535.91; the S&P 500 gained 39.28 points, or 0.94 per cent, at 4,198.05; and the Nasdaq Composite added 188.27 points, or 1.51 per cent, at 12,688.84.

Walmart shares gained 1.30 per cent to $US151.47 after the retail giant reported better than expected first-quarter earnings and boosted its 2023 sales and profit outlook.

The debt ceiling has drawn attention away from uncertainty about the Federal Reserve's stance on interest rates.

Economic data showed the number of people in the US filing new claims for jobless benefits fell more than expected last week, suggesting the labour market remains tight, giving the Fed more cushion to continue raising rates.

Recent data has indicated some slowing in the US economy following a string of Fed rate hikes to fight high inflation.

But while the market is pricing in a rate cut by the end of the year, comments from Fed officials suggested they are not yet ready to cut or even pause hiking rates soon.

Dallas Federal Reserve Bank President Lorie Logan and Fed Governor Philip Jefferson said on Thursday the economy does not appear to be softening fast enough for the US central bank to pause its rate hike cycle.

"If we get a debt ceiling agreement at the end of the week here and remove that macro issue, you still have the Fed meeting in June, now that is probably a live meeting based on what some of the policymakers have been saying this week, so that could be a concern, it could kind of cap some of the momentum in the market," said Saglimbene.

Despite another rise in the 10-year US Treasury yield, growth stocks advanced 1.03 per cent, led by a 8.65 per cent jump in Synopsys shares after its second-quarter earnings results and forecast.

Netflix Inc surged 9.22 per cent after saying its recently launched ad-supported tier reached nearly five million active users per month.

Chipmaker Micron Technology Inc's shares gained 4.08 per cent as it plans to invest up to 500 billion yen ($A5.60 billion) in Japan for new chips over the next few years.

Take-Two Interactive Software Inc jumped 11.69 per cent as it beat estimates for quarterly adjusted sales.

Volume on US exchanges was 10.49 billion shares, compared with the 10.62 billion average for the full session over the last 20 trading days.

Advancing issues outnumbered decliners on the NYSE by a 1.31-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 1.14-to-1 ratio favoured advancers.

The S&P 500 posted 27 new 52-week highs and seven new lows; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 88 new highs and 83 new lows.