Hong Kong media guide

A seller sorts newspapers at a newsstand in Hong Kong
A seller sorts newspapers at a newsstand in Hong Kong

Hong Kong has one of the world's largest film industries and is a major centre for broadcasting and publishing.

Although press freedom is enshrined in the city's Basic Law, there has been pressure on independent media, especially under the national security law, which China introduced following pro-democracy protests.

US-based NGO Freedom House says the new law "has amounted a multifront attack on the 'one country, two systems' framework" leading to "the closure of political parties, major independent news outlets, peaceful nongovernmental organisations and unions".

It says this has led to "self-censorship among journalists, changes in editorial content, and a rise in mainland-style practices".

Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK), the territory's public broadcaster, had a reputation for independence but in 2021, the government effectively took control of its output.

In 2022, Hong Kong media tycoon Jimmy Lai - founder of the pro-democracy Apple Daily paper - was jailed for almost six years for fraud. He also faces national security charges. In 2023, he was among the most prominent of the so-called Hong Kong 47 pro-democracy activists on trial for subversion.

There were 6.6 million internet users by July 2022, comprising 92% of the population (Worldinternetstats.com). Chinese platforms WeChat and Sina Weibo are popular, but not as much as WhatsApp and Facebook.