Companies around the world are shifting production lines and business models to address the needs of governments and healthcare agencies in their efforts to slow the spread of COVID-19. Two companies answering that call are Dyson and Gtech, both of which are working on ventilator hardware, leveraging their experience building vacuums and other motor-driven airflow gadgets to spin up new designs and get them validated and produced as quickly as possible.
Dyson, the globally recognized appliance maker, is working with The Technology Partnership (TTP) on a brand new ventilator design called the CoVent. This design is meant to be made quickly and at high volumes, and leverages Dyson's existing Digital Motor design, as well as the company's air purification products, to deliver safe and consistent ventilation for COVID-19 patients, according to an internal email from founder James Dyson to Dyson employees and provided to TechCrunch.
Dyson was reacting to a request from U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson for ventilator supplies, and intends to first fulfill an order of 10,000 units for the U.K. government. Its ventilator still needs to be tested and its production process approved by the government and the U.K.'s Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (the MHRA, its FDA equivalent), but Dyson says in the email that "the race is now on to get it into production." The company notes that experts from both the U.K.'s national healthcare agency and the MHRA have been involved throughout its design process, which should help expedite approvals.
The CoVent meets the specifications set out by clinicians for ventilator hardware, and is both bed-mounted and portable with a battery power supply, for flexible use across a variety of settings, including during patient transportation. Because it uses a lightly modified version of Dyson's existing Digital Motor design, the company says that the fan units needed for its production are "available in very high volume."
"I am proud of what Dyson engineers and our partners at TTP have achieved. I am eager to see this new device in production and in hospitals as soon as possible," Dyson wrote in his email. "This is clearly a time of grave international crisis, I will therefore donate 5,000 units to the international effort, 1,000 of which will go to the United Kingdom."
Meanwhile, Gtech, another U.K. home appliance and vacuum maker, has likewise done what it can to answer the government's call for ventilator hardware. The company's owner Nick Grey said that it received a request to build up to 30,000 ventilators in just a two-week span, which promoted them to quickly set about figuring out what went into the design of this medical hardware.
Gtech's team developed a ventilator that can be made from parts easily obtained from abundant stock materials, or off-the-shelf pre-assembled parts. The company says that it can spin up production of around 100 per day within a week or two, so long as it can source steel fabrication and CNC machining suppliers.
In addition to its own production capacity, Gtech is making its ventilator designs available for free to the broader community in order to ramp production. The company says that "there's no reason why thousands of emergency ventilators can't be made each day" in this way, according to an interview with Grey and CTV News. Like the Dyson model, Gtech's design will need assessment and certification from the U.K. government and regulators before they can be put into use.