Google has announced which search engines have won an auction process it has devised for an Android "choice screen" -- as its response to an antitrust intervention by the region's competition regulator.
The prompt is shown to users of Android smartphones in the European Union as they set up a device, asking them to choose a search engine from a list of four that always includes Google's own search engine.
In mid-2018 the European Commission fined Google $5 billion for antitrust violations attached to how it operates the Android platform, including related to how it bundles its own services with the dominant smartphone OS, and ordered it to remedy the infringements -- while leaving it up to the tech giant to devise a fix.
Google responded by creating a choice screen for Android users to pick a search engine from a short list -- with the initial choices seemingly based on local market share. But last summer it announced it would move to auctioning slots on the screen via a fixed sealed-bid auction process.
The big winners of the initial auction, for the period March 1, 2020 to June 30, 2020, are pro-privacy search engine DuckDuckGo -- which gets one of three paid-for slots in all 31 European markets -- and a product called Info.com, which will also be shown as an option in all those markets. (Per Wikipedia, the latter is a veteran metasearch engine that provides results from multiple search engines and directories, including Google.)
Tree-planting search engine Ecosia does not appear anywhere on the list at all, despite appearing on some initial Android choice screens -- having taken the decision to boycott the auction because it objects to Google's "pay-to-play" approach.
"We believe this auction is at odds with the spirit of the July 2018 EU Commission ruling," Ecosia CEO Christian Kroll told the BBC. "Internet users deserve a free choice over which search engine they use and the response of Google with this auction is an affront to our right to a free, open and federated internet. Why is Google able to pick and choose who gets default status on Android?"
Despite participating in the process -- and winning a universal slot -- DuckDuckGo told us it still does not agree with the pay-to-play approach.
"We believe a search preference menu is an excellent way to meaningfully increase consumer choice if designed properly. Our own research has reinforced this point and we look forward to the day when Android users in Europe will have the opportunity to easily make DuckDuckGo their default search engine while setting up their phones. However, we still believe a pay-to-play auction with only 4 slots isn't right because it means consumers won't get all the choices they deserve and Google will profit at the expense of the competition," a spokesperson said in a statement.
A spokesperson for Qwant also told us: "Qwant has repeatedly called for all competitors to be granted access to the mobile market in an open manner, with the same chances for all to be chosen by users as their default search engine. We don't believe it is fair from Google to require competing search engines to pay them for the chance to be offered as an alternative to Google, when Google was found to abuse its dominant position through its Android mobile system. Nevertheless, given the importance of the mobile market for any ambitious search engine, we had to participate in this first bidding process and are relieved that users finally have the possibility to choose Qwant as their default search engine on Android devices in some countries. We wished it was the case in all countries and that our competitors had all the same opportunity, since search engines should compete on their merits and not on their capability to pay Google for a slot in a choice screen."
This report was updated with additional comment from Qwant