This Father’s Day you may be rolling out your best “dad jokes” and watching your children laugh (or groan). Maybe you’ll hear your own father, partner or friend crack a dad joke or two. You know the ones:
What is the most condescending animal? A pan-DUH!
Why don’t scientists trust atoms? Because they make up everything!
Yes, dad jokes can be fun. They play an important role in how we interact with our kids. But dad jokes may also help prepare them to handle embarrassment later in life.
What are dad jokes?
Dad jokes are a distinct style of humour consisting of puns that are simple, wholesome and often involve a cheesy delivery.
These jokes usually feature obvious wordplay and a straightforward punchline that leaves listeners either chuckling or emitting an exaggerated groan.
Why are dad jokes so popular?
People seem to love dad jokes, partly because of the puns.
A study published earlier this year found people enjoy puns more than most other types of jokes. The authors also suggested that if you groan in response to a pun, this can be a sign you enjoy the joke, rather than find it displeasing.
Other research shows dad jokes work on at least three levels:
1. As tame puns
Humour typically violates a kind of boundary. At the most basic level, dad jokes only violate a language norm. They require specific knowledge of the language to “get” them, in a way a fart joke does not.
The fact that dad jokes are wholesome and inoffensive means dads can tell them around their children. But this also potentially makes them tame, which other people might call unfunny.
2. As anti-humour
Telling someone a pun that’s too tame to deserve being told out loud is itself a violation of the norms of joke-telling. That violation can in turn make a dad joke funny. In other words, a dad joke can be so unfunny this makes it funny – a type of anti-humour.
3. As weaponised anti-humour
Sometimes, the purpose of a dad joke is not to make people laugh but to make them groan and roll their eyes. When people tell dad jokes to teasingly annoy someone else for fun, dad jokes work as a kind of weaponised anti-humour.
The stereotypical scenario associated with dad jokes is exactly this: a dad telling a pun and then his kids rolling their eyes out of annoyance or cringing from embarrassment.
Dad jokes help dads be dads
Dad jokes are part of a father’s toolkit for engaging with his loved ones, a way to connect through laughter. But as children grow older, the way they receive puns change.
Children at around six years old enjoy hearing and telling puns. These are generally innocent ones such as:
Why is six afraid of seven? Because seven ate nine!
As children age and their language and reasoning abilities develop, their understanding of humour becomes more complex.
In adolescence, they may start to view puns as unfunny. This, however, doesn’t stop their fathers from telling them.
Instead, fathers can revel in the embarrassment their dad jokes can produce around their image-conscious and sensitive adolescent children.
In fact, in a study, one of us (Marc) suggests the playful teasing that comes with dad jokes may be partly why they are such a widespread cultural phenomenon.
This playful and safe teasing serves a dual role in father-child bonding in adolescence. Not only is it playful and fun, it can also be used to help educate the young person how to handle feeling embarrassed.
Modelling the use of humour also has benefits. Jokes can be a useful coping strategy during awkward situations – for instance, after someone says something awkward or to make someone laugh who has become upset.
Dad jokes are more than punchlines
So, the next time you hear your father unleash a cringe-worthy dad joke, remember it’s not just about the punchline. It’s about creating connections and lightening the mood.
So go ahead, let out that groan, and share a smile with the one who proudly delivers the dad jokes. It’s all part of the fun.
This article is republished from The Conversation is the world's leading publisher of research-based news and analysis. A unique collaboration between academics and journalists. It was written by: Shane Rogers, Edith Cowan University and Marc Hye-Knudsen, Aarhus University.
The authors do not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and have disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.